The vision of a dog is an incredible sight to behold. Most people are not aware of this, but canines in some ways have better vision than humans. Overall, humans probably have the advantage of eyesight that can see more colors and across longer distances, but dogs have fairly impressive vision as well. Dogs are superior in some areas such as a wider field of vision, more rods, and the ability to detect motion quicker. It’s no question that the ability for dogs to surpass humans in some regards is a spectacular occurrence.
Dog Eye Problems
Because dogs have such incredible eyesight, it is imperative that we protect their vision the best we can. However, we are not always successful, and sometimes a dog’s health can deteriorate around their eyes. Here are some of the most common eye problems that your dog might face and some ways that you might be able to treat them.
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Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
Most people are familiar with pink eye, but they might not know what it is. Pink eye, or conjunctivitis, is the inflammation of the conjunctiva tissue. This can be caused by a variety of circumstances such as an infective virus, bacteria, allergies, irritations such as dust and even fungi. Pink eye leads to some irritating side effects such as liquid drainage from the eye and general discomfort.
Treatment for conjunctivitis changes depending on the cause. A visit to the veterinarian is recommended in order to gain a proper diagnosis as well as treatment recommendations. Chances are antibiotics will be required. Sterile saline eye solution can also be used to clean out the eye if needed, but the prescribed medications are an absolute must in most cases!
Dry Eye (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca)
Sometimes our tear glands stop functioning the way that we need them to. With dogs, there is a common disease known as keratoconjunctivitis (KCS). This long name means that the tear glands are no longer capable of producing the necessary tears to keep an eye moist, or to clean away irritants such as dirt.
This can lead to a wide arrange of problems such as eye pain and even corneal ulcers. Treatment usually requires medications that can help the body to produce tears. In severe cases, surgery is needed to fix the problem.
Speaking of tear glands, an interesting fact about dogs is that they actually have three distinct eyelids. The third eyelid is where dogs have a gland that produces their tears. Sometimes, the ligaments that hold this third eyelid in place start to deteriorate, which can cause a dog’s eyes to become droopy. This leads to the third eyelid being exposed, which is frequently a bright cherry color, causing the aptly named condition, Cherry Eye.
Cherry eye requires treatment via surgery. Speak to your veterinarian about the possibilities of fixing your dog’s cherry eye.
The exact cause behind glaucoma is mostly unknown. But we do know that glaucoma occurs when the fluid pressure in your dog’s eyes is increased due to the body’s inability to properly filter liquid through the eye. This leads to painful side effects in your dog such as cherry eye, overactive tear glands, dilated pupils, and possibly enlarged eyes.
Glaucoma is a very serious condition that has no cure. If you are concerned that your dog might have it, you must call your veterinarian immediately, as a delay in treatment could lead to blindness. Treatment will usually involve numerous medications and possibly surgery.
The cornea is a layer of tissue that protects the ball. This can get damaged if scratched by something such as dirt or even plants. This can cause irritation, pain and general discomfort for your dog, in addition to making the damaged eye turn red. If your dog’s cornea gets scratched or damaged, there are eye drops that can help alleviate the pain and promote recovery. However, for more severe damages, a trip to the veterinarian should be scheduled, as some severe wounds might require surgery to be fixed.
These are some of the most common eye problems that might plague your dog. Frequently examine your dog’s eyes. If you are unsure if they are facing any of the issues listed or even ones not found on this list, be sure to contact your veterinarian for advice. If you are curious about what kinds of foods you can feed your dog for better eye health, you might be surprised what you can learn about carrots by clicking here. Dogs are special creatures. They love unconditionally, and it is only fair if we do the same for them by ensuring that they have the healthiest vision possible.