A spunky, energetic and vivacious breed, Pomeranians make great family dogs and can also be trained as agility or performance pets. They often have extroverted personalities that are far bigger than their actual size! With proper training and a loving home, a Pomeranian will be an affectionate and entertaining partner for many years.
Pomeranians descended from large sled dog breeds and look like mini snow dogs. They make excellent watchdogs in the sense that they will alert you of any strange happenings with sharp barking.
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When choosing your puppy, always meet at least one of the parents so you can see their temperament. Choose a puppy who seems to be a “middle of the pack” temperament. Aggression and shyness are traits not easily overcome by this breed and will likely continue through adulthood.
Meet The Pomeranian Dog
Weight: 3-7 pounds
Height: 7-12 inches tall
Life Expectancy: 12-16 years
Fur type: Two coats; short undercoat with a long topcoat of guard hairs, non-hypoallergenic
The Pomeranian has a glamorous, perky appearance and a temperament to match. With an extroverted personality, the Pomeranian likes to get their nose into anything and everything. They are clever and smart and love to soak up attention from anyone who will give it to them. They love to sit in your lap, give kisses and do tricks. Pomeranians make great pets for people looking for a lively addition to the family.
Pomeranians are known for being barkers. If this habit isn’t curbed early, they will most likely continue their whole life. For some families, this isn’t a problem, but for others who live in apartments or find the noise irritating, early training is paramount.
This breed may be small but they consider themselves the guardian of the family and will protect those he loves.
Although Pomeranians have a good amount of energy, they are not over-the-top or unmanageable. After a bout of play, they will be calm and easy to live with. Give them room to run around and spend time teaching them tricks every day. A few chew toys and human company are all this little dog needs to be happy.
Good With Children
Pomeranians are not the best breed for small children. Because of their size and personality, they tend to prefer the more safe and predictable company of adults. If terrorized by young children they may become nippy, irritated, and shy. Despite their confident appearance, Pomeranians are delicate and should never be played with roughly, dropped, or grabbed. Older children who are taught proper manners around dogs do well with this breed.
Good With Other Dogs
Pomeranians are not (usually) a shy breed and will go up to other animals and strangers easily. Because of this, you need to be careful that they don’t approach potentially aggressive dogs who could hurt them. Pomeranians are guard dogs at heart and will bark aggressively at strange dogs on their property. If exposed to many different dogs when they are young they can learn to get along with them just fine.
Pomeranians do shed. It isn’t a huge deal for most families because they are so small. Especially during season changes, you may find more hair around the house or find it comes off easily when you brush or pet your pup. With proper grooming, the shedding will be minimal and controllable.
Because they have a double coat and a lot of fur, you should brush your Pomeranian several times week. This shouldn’t take a lot of time and is a good bonding experience for you and your fur baby. You a medium slicker brush that can go deep but won’t hurt. Run it thoroughly through the coat at least 3 times a week to keep it tangle free and to minimize shedding.
You can bathe your Pomeranian once a month or so. More than this can dry out their skin. Use a gentle shampoo made for dogs.
Handle their feet often when they are young so that nail trimming doesn’t become a fight. Trim their nails once every two weeks. Use a doggy toothpaste or oral spray to keep plaque down and support good oral health.
Pomeranians love to bark and are very vocal communicators. Unless you train them specific commands like “Quiet” or “No bark” when they are puppies, it is unlikely they will stop their barking habits.
Trainability/Tips For Training
Pomeranians can be stubborn about house-training, especially if the weather is poor or the yard is an unpleasant place. Because of this, it is a good idea to paper-train your Pomeranian so that they have an option to go into the house if the weather is bad and not on your favorite rug. When they are young, keep them confined to a small area of the house until they become completely reliable with going potty in the right place, then you can slowly expand their area. Offer plenty of positive reinforcement.
If barking is a problem for you, focus a lot of time on teaching your Pomeranian to stop barking on command. It may also be useful to keep them from spending too much time with other barkers so they don’t pick up bad habits, though this is not a guaranteed way to prevent barking.
In their first year of life, your puppy should meet hundreds of different people. Always make sure they feel safe and protected. Don’t let people be too rough with or startle your puppy. Give them plenty of positive experiences with children and strange men. Early socialization will prevent issues later down the road.
You should also allow your Pomeranian to spend time with other dogs. However, you should only allow them to play with dogs who are either very gentle or the same size as your puppy. Otherwise, you risk them getting hurt. One bad experience with a large rambunctious dog can set back their socialization skills for several months.
Teach your puppy plenty of obedience commands. They are a very smart breed and with consistency and positive reinforcement can learn a plethora of tricks and commands.
How To Feed My Pomeranian
For your Pomeranian, you want to be sure you are giving them raw, natural food. They are living beings with digestive systems that stem from their “wolf” heritage (yes, even your 5-pound Pom!). Processed foods do more harm than good for them over time.
Raw food tastes better to them. Its ingredients are simple, it is good for their health and keeping their coats nice and shiny, it keeps them satisfied and happy and ultimately it saves you money (a pretty good perk)! For more information on how to provide your dog a good, safe, raw food diet, check out our page here.
For dog food in general (especially if you insist on sticking to bagged, kibble food) you want to be sure healthy meats are the highlight ingredient and that the food is not stuffed with additives and ingredients you cannot even pronounce. You especially want to avoid grains and artificial flavorings. Just as you want to be careful with what foods you are putting in your body, so should you also be for your little furry companion.
Things To Avoid
- Corn Syrup
- Wheat gluten
- All grains
- Food dyes
- Rendered fat
- Meat meal (low-quality meat from possibly diseased animals, expired meat, etc.)
- Vegetable Oil
- Brewers rice
- Pea protein
Feeding Your Puppy
In general, when your puppy is 8-12 weeks old, he likely will be needing to eat at least 3-4 times a day. You want to be sure you are feeding your puppy the amount he needs, but also not too much. You should be able to feel, but not see their ribs and they should have a visible waist when you are looking down at them.
Feeding Your Adult
By 6 months you will want to start reducing the amount of food you feed your Pomeranian to fit an adult feeding plan. Because they are prone to low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) it is a good idea to continue feeding your Pomeranian 3 times a day throughout its life.
Make it a routine, feeding your fur baby around the same times every day. You should be feeding your Pomeranian 1/2-3/4 cups of food a day, split between the three meals. It is recommended to avoid giving them table scraps and “people” food, as this can cultivate begging habits and a tendency for weight gain and health problems. This is a rule that should be implemented from the very beginning and be understood by everyone in the family and members of your social circle who spend time around your Pomeranian.
It should be noted that the amount of food you feed a dog ultimately depends on their size, weight, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Be sure you know your Yorkie and its individual needs, especially when it comes to feeding.
Health Concerns For Pomeranians
The following are the most common health concerns for Pomeranians:
- Hypoglycemia: A condition where a dog’s blood sugar levels drop abnormally low. May lead to energy and cognitive issues.
- Eye Issues: Especially ingrown eyelashes and entropion (lower eyelid rolling forward).
- Patellar Luxation: Kneecap dislocation.
- Tracheal Collapse: A chronic condition where the trachea slowly collapses inward. Causes dry cough, exercise intolerance and gagging.
- Coat Loss: A few different issues may cause fur loss in Pomeranians, including Alopecia X, improper grooming, liver, or kidney problems.
- Hypothyroidism: This is an autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks the thyroid and causes a decrease in thyroid hormone production. It can cause hair loss, itchy and red skin, weight gain, and muscle loss.
Frequently Asked Questions About Pomeranians
A. If you want to cut your Pomeranians hair, be aware that it may not grow back exactly the same. Often if the hair is shaved extremely close to the skin (sometimes called a “lion cut”) it will grow back in patches and take many months to recover fully, if at all. If you take your Pomeranian to a professional groomer, be sure they are familiar with the breed and have their best interest in mind.
Q. My Pomeranian will not stop barking!
A. Pomeranians love to bark! They are fierce guard dogs and vocal communicators. If not trained very early in life a “Quiet” command, it is unlikely they will slow down any time soon. Never use a shock color on a Pomeranian. They are small and delicate. If you bring home a Pomeranian you should be familiar with their personality and ready to embrace their boisterous and occasionally loud nature.
Q. Where do Pomeranian dogs come from?
A. Pomeranians are originally from Germany and Poland.
Q. How much do Pomeranian dogs cost?
A. Depending on the parents, registration status, and if you are intending to breed or not, high-quality Pomeranians cost between $500-$2000. You may be able to find a less expensive, older Pomeranian through an adoption or rescue group.
Q. Can Pomeranian dogs live outside?
A. Pomeranians, although equipped with a thick fur coat, are not meant to be outdoor dogs. They are small and vulnerable to other animals, bad weather, extreme heat or cold and may escape or be taken easily. Only bring home a Pomeranian if you plan on them being full-time indoor dogs.
Q. Can Pomeranian dogs be left alone?
A. You can leave your Pomeranian alone for short periods of time, gradually lengthening your time away if necessary. Pomeranians are social dogs and prefer company at all times but can tolerate some time alone. You should ensure they have access to food at least 3 times a day. Until you trust your puppy is well house-trained and not a chewer, it is best to confine them to one room while you are away so they don’t create mischief.
Q. How many puppies are in a Pomeranian litter?
A. The average Pomeranian litter is between 1 and 5 puppies.
Q. Will my Pomeranian calm down?
A. The first year or two of a Pomeranians life, they will be full of energy. If you give them plenty of opportunities to run around and play, as well as give them mental challenges in learning obedience and tricks, their energy should be manageable. If you find your Pomeranian is out of control, consider enrolling them in obedience or agility training. There are a lot of fun ways to spend time with your puppy that will help them burn off energy and be a pleasant house companion.
Q. My Pomeranian will not housebreak!
A. Pomeranians are smart but stubborn. If they don’t like going outside, they will probably pee or poo indoors. As a compromise, consider paper training your puppy. This gives them a safe and easy spot to go indoors while keeping the mess manageable for you. When your puppy is having a hard time doing what you want, confine them to one room or a small space until they are perfect at going in the right place. Then slowly give them more access to the rest of the house. Patience and positive reinforcement are key.
Pomeranians make fun and entertaining family pets. If you decide to bring one into your family, you will be thrilled with their vivacious nature and fox-like cuteness.
Have you brought a baby Pomeranian home recently? Share your pictures with the rest of the community by commenting below!